MPU Huia 1

The next generation of wind turbines.

General Data:

MPU Huia 1 Side Elevation drawing
Side Elevation drawing
MPU Huia 1 Aerial View
Aerial View
Side Elevation drawing Wing diameter: 5.2m Height: 7.1m
Base height: 2m Base diameter: 6m

Wing Area: 55m2 (11m2 per wing)
Configuration: Vertical Axis (VAWT)
Nominal Turbine Speed: 30RPM
Generator: 3-phase
Rated Voltage: 440VAC
Rated power output: 1.2 MW/day
Protection Devices: Fuse
Design Life Span: 15-20 Years
Operating Temperature: -20°C to 60° C
Wing Height: 5.1m
Base Height: 2m
Weight: 2.5 Tonne
Bearings: Thrust
Materials: Epoxy coated sails
Start up Speed: 1.5 m/s
Rated Wind Speed: 7m/s
Max operational speed: 30m/s

MPU Huia 1 Power Curve MPU Huia 1 Energy Output

Background

The Huia 1 is a commercially viable vertical axis turbine that does not rely on high wind shear but rather air pressure as with a yacht’s sail. The total area of the wings is 55m2, which for the first time, can seriously compete with horizontal axis turbines.

The Huia 1 entry level turbine brings a sobering level of simplicity to wind power generation.

MPU Huia 1 drawingThe parabolic curve of the wings plus their height and width determines the square metre area used in the calculations. Each Huia 1 comprises 2 permanent magnet generators so that from the first rotation there is power being generated. As the torque increases, 2nd generator engages until 7m/s wind speed is reached, peaking at 1MW output per day.

MPU wind turbines complies with all the principles of an alternative energy source and is therefore a prime candidate for consideration within and beyond the current market.

MPU wind turbines presents itself at a very opportune point in time with the continued decline of ‘first generation’ wind turbines and associated gains of global government subsidies.

Finally, there is a huge discrepancy in capital costs between the Huia 1 and horizontal axis turbines as well as the fact that MPU wind turbines can be operated as ‘portable/mobile’ units.

MPU Wind Turbines

MPU Huia 1 prototype
Smaller prototype
  • Innovative ‘sail-wing’ technology
  • Exceptionally low cost and installation
  • Wind pressure and not wind speed reliant
  • Significant environmental benefits
  • Price accessible to all economies
  • Considerable societal benefit
  • Highly attractive alternative to conventional horizontal wind turbines.

It is the intention of the Company to manufacture in Ruakaka, New Zealand and supply Platinum Power to where discussions have taken place.

The calculations for the Huia 1 power generation plant is based on an average of 7m/sec which will deliver up to 50 KW/hr, which can be stored or sent to grid.

The Huia 1 is capable of displacing greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to 300 acres of forest each year.

MPU wind turbines rely on it’s unique combined ‘racing sail’ and ‘aerofoil’ design to deliver the highest torque per square millimetre generator. The PMG motors incorporated is based on the standard torque/joule equation as per any and all PMG motor principles.

The overall design of MPU wind turbines is not just unique but packaged to encourage an engaging, positive and pleasing public response. It certainly has the “wow” factor and will readily be publically accepted as there is no “threatening” aspects to the design nor function.

Efficiency

Because of their multi-directional capabilities, MPU wind turbines are able to convert more wind into power for greater efficiency and better power output. The spring-loaded lower thrust bearing also works well in blustery conditions.

Wind Direction

Unlike horizontal axis turbines, MPU wind turbines function properly regardless of wind direction. MPU wind turbines are ideal for locations where wind direction changes regularly as is experienced in New Zealand.

Lower Wind Speeds

Horizontal axis turbines need large and heavy rotors to produce substantial quantities of power, and because of this the wind speed needed to keep them moving is high. Areas with low wind speed are suitable for MPU wind turbines and they can produce more power from the lower wind speed areas.

Noise and Vibration

There is no getting around the fact that horizontal axis turbines are noisy when they are in full flight. MPU wind turbines do not suffer from this and the Huia 1 quietness means it is more suitable for ‘suburban’ installations. Even in gale force winds, MPU wind turbines are almost soundless with no visible vibrations due to the sprung lower thrust bearing taking gust impact.

Specific Sail Design

The following diagram illustrates the difference in air pressure:

MPU Huia 1 difference in air pressure

The wind’s law of the 2nd power:

The pressure that the wind exerts on the sail depends on the 2nd power of the wind speed. Double the wind speed from say 5 knots to 10 knots, and the pressure (force) on the sails is quadrupled. Increase the wind from 5 to 15 knots and the pressure is nine times bigger.

MPU Huia 1 second power of the wind

Horizontal axis wind turbine blades are designed to capture the kinetic energy from high wind speeds, whereas a low to mild wind blowing over a sail causes a difference in air pressure (x 9) that provides the lateral thrust propulsion.

Aerodynamics and Thrust

The aerodynamics is achieved with the same ‘cut’ as a racing sail but where the inside area is convex and the outer concave thus allowing for the optimum under-camber on the thrust face and maximum angle of attack or tilting of the leading edge of the sail (inclination). The airfoil effect has good depth thus allowing for maximum lift (sideways) of the sail through its lateral axis.

Aerodynamics for lateral thrust generation:

MPU Huia 1 smaller prototype 1.5m sail wing,
Smaller prototype

In ‘basic forces’ modules it is stated that when an aircraft is moving through the air, (In this case, the MPU sail wings) the consequent pressure changes or the aerodynamic reactions to its motion are acting at every location on its surface.

Formula for calculation of lift from the wing:

Lift [ newtons] = CL × ½rV² × S
Substitute symbol ‘Q’ to represent dynamic pressure [½rV²] therefore
Lift [newtons] = CL × Q × S
where Q × S is the force.

The formula is an approximation of the lateral thrust from the wing design. At any one time, the aerodynamic reaction will vary over the span of the wing but the optimum under-camber on the thrust face and maximum angle of attack or tilting of the leading edge of the sail (inclination) works exceptionally well in tandem with the racing sail design.